Literature Summary: According to researchers at McGill University, the use of metal as a fuel is not a novel concept as it has been used in simple applications such as propellants, explosives and in more complex applications such as rocketry.
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Hydrogen Vehicles in California and Hawaii: A hydrogen society may be a viable alternative to fossil fuels if hydrogen production can be implemented on a grand scale. As of October 2019, Air Liquide is actively involved in the mobility market and working to supply liquid hydrogen to California.
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Port Jérôme uses a carbon dioxide capture system called Cryocap™. The captured carbon dioxide is then used to neutralize water in treatment facilities. The production of hydrogen is also an area of focus at the same site.
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Literature Summary: An increasing amount of literature can be found demonstrating the potential of an atmospheric breathing propulsion system for planet exploration. The engine would use the excess carbon dioxide on the planet as oxidant and a powdered metal-based fuel (magnesium or aluminum) as the propellant.
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